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Grandparents can request visitation rights, so they can also be ordered to pay child support! Wait, what? Really?
Typically, the responsibility to pay child support falls on the parents of the child, not the parents' parents. After all, the grandparents didn't decide to have a grandchild.
However, there are some exceptions where grandparents can and may be ordered to take up the slack and pay (grand)child support.
In Loco Parentis
When grandparents accept custody of their grandchildren and stand in loco parentis, they can be ordered to pay child support. What's in loco parentis mean? It's Latin for "in the place of a parent."
For example, in a case from New Jersey called Savoie v. Savoie, the grandparents were granted temporary custody of their granddaughter. When the grandparents divorced, the grandfather was ordered to pay child support for the grandchild to the grandmother. The grandparents in this case took on the role of parents to the grandchild, so they could be ordered to pay child support.
Minor Children of Minor Parents
Grandparents may also be liable for child support of a grandchild under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA). This law allows states to require grandparents to be held liable for child support if the custodial parent is a minor and receives government support payments.
Put simply, let's say Mom and Dad are minors. Mom has custody of Baby and receives government assistance. Dad is ordered to pay child support but doesn't have the money. Dad's parents can then be held jointly and severally liable for the child support payments.
States with laws requiring grandparents to pay child support include: Arizona, Idaho, Illinois, Maryland, Missouri, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio. Rhode Island. South Carolina, South Dakota, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. Some states, like Maryland and North Carolina, also extend responsibility for child support to the parents of the custodial parent in addition to the parents of the noncustodial parent.
If you have more questions regarding a grandparent's responsibility for child support payments, an experienced family law attorney can help get you the answers.