New Hampshire Tax Fraud and Tax Evasion Laws
Created by FindLaw's team of legal writers and editors | Last reviewed June 20, 2016
Intentionally underpaying your taxes, or failing to pay your taxes all together, is a serious criminal offense. While the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) investigates federal tax evasion, evading a state tax can result in a criminal prosecution within the applicable state.
In New Hampshire, both tax evasion (intentionally underpaying your taxes) and tax fraud (intentionally falsifying information a tax return in order to limit the amount of taxes owed) are serious offenses that are punished harshly. The table below outlines a few of the acts that can get you in trouble for tax evasion in New Hampshire.
|New Hampshire Revised Statutes section 21-J:39: Tax Fraud and Tax Evasion|
|Penalties for a natural person who violates this law range from a misdemeanor offense to a class B felony.|
Fraud vs. Negligence
In order to understand New Hampshire's tax evasion laws it is important to understand the distinction between fraud and negligence. The statute outlined above only criminalizes fraudulent acts, not negligent acts. Fraudulent acts are done intentionally with the purpose of gaining an unjust benefit.
On the other hand, negligent acts result from the failure to exercise the care that a reasonably prudent person would have exercised under similar circumstances. For example, making an honest mistake on your tax return may qualify as a negligent act, but you won't be convicted of tax fraud because the act wasn't done willfully.
State laws change frequently. For case specific information regarding New Hampshire's tax fraud and tax evasion laws contact a local tax attorney.
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