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Oregon Abortion Laws

While abortion is generally legal in all states, each state may craft its own abortion laws in different ways to determine access, timing, waiting periods, notice, and consent surrounding the procedure. Many of these statutes can vary, so it's important to know which regulations may apply where you live. This is a brief overview of abortion laws in Oregon.

Oregon Statutes

Oregon has liberal abortion laws. Oregon was one of the first states to legalize abortion, and the right to an abortion is protected in the state constitution. There are no designated waiting periods or mandatory ultrasounds or counseling, and minors are not required to inform or gain consent from a parent before the procedure. And while some states have “trigger laws” waiting to prohibit abortion if Roe v. Wade is overturned, Oregon is the opposite, with a law waiting to preserve legal abortions in the state.

The U.S. Supreme Court is currently considering a legal challenge to Roe in Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health. A decision is expected in June 2022. Because Oregon state law permits abortion up to birth, the Supreme Court's decision in Dobbs will have no effect on reproductive rights in Oregon. 

The details of Oregon’s abortion statutes are listed in the chart below.

Code Section

Oregon Revised Statutes 435.435 et seq.: Termination of Pregnancy

Statutory Definition of Illegal Abortion


Statutory Definition of Legal Abortion


Penalty for Unlawful Abortion


Consent Requirements


Residency Requirements for Patients


Physician Licensing Requirements

No M.D. is required to give advice with respect to or participate in any abortion if refusal is based on election not to do so and M.D. so advises patient; no hospital employee or member of medical staff is required to participate in abortions if individual notifies hospital of such election

When Roe v. Wade was decided in 1973, it only seemed to intensify the national debate surrounding abortion and the issue has continued to divide the country. Since that ruling, abortion in the United States has been legal and women have had a constitutional right to choose to end a pregnancy during the first trimester. As noted above, however, state abortion laws have continued to evolve, with states allowed to regulate certain aspects of abortion including the imposition of waiting periods, counseling, and other requirements.

Oregon Abortion Laws: Related Resources

Health care law, and especially the statutes surrounding abortion can be complicated. You can find more information and resources in FindLaw’s sections on Abortion, Birth Control, and Health Care Law.

Learn More About Oregon Abortion Laws from a Lawyer

Abortion laws are constantly being debated in both Congress and at the local level. Sometimes these laws can get confusing -- particularly in a changing political climate. You should contact a local family law lawyer if you want to know your rights and responsibilities under Oregon’s abortion laws or would like legal advice regarding an abortion matter.

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