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Arkansas Adoption Laws

The adoption process, various requirements for adults who wish to adopt, restrictions, and other laws regulating adoption are enacted and enforced at the state level. Most states allow any child who needs a home to be adopted, and those wishing to adopt must meet certain requirements. Additionally, most states also require what is known as a "home residency" or "home study" before the adoption is finalized, which provides for a smoother transition for everyone involved.

This article discusses Arkansas adoption laws and provides other helpful resources if you would like to learn more about Arkansas-specific adoption laws.

Adoption Laws in Arkansas: Overview

Any individual may be adopted under Arkansas statute, although any child  10 and older must provide his or her consent. However, the court will set aside the child's consent if it is determined that the adoption is in the child's best interest. Just about anyone may adopt in Arkansas, including unmarried adults and those who already have children. Check out the Arkansas Heart Gallery, maintained by the state's Department of Human Services, to learn more about adoption in Arkansas and to browse children in need of a permanent home.

The following table lists additional details of adoption laws in Arkansas. See FindLaw's Adoption section for more information.

Code Section

9-9-201 through 9-9-508; Title 9 of the Arkansas Code

Who May Be Adopted

Any person

Age that Child's Consent Needed

10 years and older unless the court dispenses with the minor's consent in the minor's best interest

Who May Adopt

Spouses together, unmarried adult, unmarried parent of the child, single married parent of a child if other parent consents or they are legally separated

Home Residency Required Prior to Finalization of Adoption?

6 months

State Agency/Court

Human Services/Probate Court

Statute of Limitations to Challenge

1 year

Note: State laws are always subject to change at any time, usually through the enactment of new statutes or decisions by higher courts. You may want to contact an Arkansas family law attorney experienced in adoptions or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

Research the Law

Arkansas Adoption Laws: Related Resources

Get Legal Help With Your Adoption Journey

The adoption process can be complicated and come with many legal obstacles. An experienced adoption law attorney can help you navigate those obstacles. A well-versed Arkansas attorney will help review the law in your jurisdiction and advocate for you and your prospective child throughout your adoption journey.

Speak to an experienced adoption attorney today.

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