The actual child exchange, or "swap," occurs each time a child goes from the physical care of one parent to the other. In the family law context, child exchanges fall under the umbrella of "visitation rights." This is based on the premise that both parents are entitled to spend time with their child, regardless of certain other child custody problems. Examples of such problems include non-payment of child support and other matters.
Because of the nature of child custody, however, these transitions from one parent to another may become complicated. Sometimes, pick-ups and drop-offs to your co-parent don't go smoothly. There may be issues with a safe exchange that can threaten the well-being of your child.
The following provides an overview of the child custody exchange process and offers advice about how to make it work for you and your child.
Child custody arrangements can be emotional and contentious. Even an amicably divorcing couple can find issues with child custody and visitation arrangements. Most child custody arrangements include a custody and parenting time or visitation schedule. This plan outlines the time, place, and manner for child exchanges. Sometimes, though, this isn't enough to prevent disagreements.
Disagreements can happen when exchanging the child. Typically, disagreement can occur over topics related to school, child-rearing decisions, and child support. Emotions can run high. This is especially true when parents simply can't agree or may hold grudges against one another. When this happens, the child's environment may become unpleasant and hostile. They may suffer emotional or even physical damage from these disagreements.
Managing disagreements during a custody exchange can be challenging. But it is important to prioritize the well-being of the child. If disagreements arise, it is important to remain calm and focus on finding a solution that is in the child's best interests. Communication is key. By prioritizing the child's needs and working together to find a resolution, parents can help create a positive and nurturing environment that supports the child's health and well-being.
Child Custody Exchanges Gone Wrong
There have been multiple examples of child custody exchanges ending badly, often in tragedy. For instance, a California man shot and killed the mother of his infant son during a child exchange at a police station. A man in Bellingham, Washington, was charged with numerous assault charges when, after an argument with his child's mother, he tried to pull her from the car and sprayed her friend (a passenger in the car) with pepper spray.
These cases demonstrate the legal challenges that may arise during these highly emotional exchanges. Law enforcement may be called to help prevent or stop harmful behavior, particularly involving a child. But they're typically limited in child custody matters to simply documenting what is occurring (or what has already occurred) for later court review.
Tips for an Effective Child Custody Exchange
Violence or disagreement among parents during a child custody exchange is never in the "best interests of the child." Therefore, parents should avoid this to protect both the child's and the parent's interests. After all, one or both parents could risk the loss or reduction of their custody rights where violence or other problems arise during custody exchanges.
Don't let this happen to you. Here's a list of five tips to help make your child custody exchange a smooth process.
- Choose a safe, public location. When an exchange happens in a public place, there's less risk of altercations. The presence of other people can help to dial down tensions. Examples of these public exchange locations include your child's school or daycare, parking lot, or a location near a police station.
- Bring a neutral third party with you. Having someone who's neutral when it comes to any past disputes with your child's other parent can help tame the situation. The person can also serve as a witness in case things go haywire. This could be a mutual friend you and the other parent have agreed to have present during exchanges.
- Arrange for someone else to make the exchange. If the emotions are still running high between you and the other parent—to the point where just being near them will cause an argument—consider having a friend or family member, such as a grandparent, do the exchange. If you're considering this approach, it's likely something that you'll need to work out in your custody arrangements ahead of time.
- Show up on time. One of the best ways to trigger an altercation is by causing an inconvenience or having a seemingly small argument over being a few minutes late. When involving emotions, small disputes can quickly escalate and lead to a rehashing of past problems. Avoid risks of high conflict by following directions and being punctual.
- Take the high road. If you start to see an argument percolating, be the calm, positive parent. Set a good example for your child and the other parent. Agree to disagree or ask for the other parent to lay out their concerns in an email or some other writing. This will not only help both sides to articulate their concerns, but people also tend to be less hostile when writing something that a court could see down the road. If need be, you can always postpone a response to the other party until you have had a chance to consult with your attorney.
Ultimately, both parties should put the interests of the child first. A smooth custody exchange is important for the well-being of your child. When exchanges are fraught with tension or conflict, it can create stress and anxiety for your child. It can also negatively impact the child's relationship with both parents. By contrast, a smooth and respectful exchange can help reduce stress and provide a sense of stability for the child.
Questions About Child Custody Exchange? Contact an Attorney
As discussed above, child custody is a difficult subject to negotiate. Even after reaching an agreement, the child custody exchange can still be complicated. If you're dealing with complicated child custody issues, it's best to contact an experienced family law attorney who can help you deal with any legal implications your situation presents.
Child custody attorneys can help you navigate child custody issues. They can help guide you through your custody case. They can help you reach a custody agreement or parenting plan with your co-parent. An attorney will help you navigate the family court until reaching a final custody order.
Talk to a child custody lawyer today.