Skip to main content

Are you a legal professional? Visit our professional site

Please enter a legal issue and/or a location
Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select

Criteria for an Emancipation Ruling

Emancipation is the court process through which a minor becomes a legal adult responsible for his or her own care. A minor has to meet certain requirements for the court to grant him or her emancipation. After these requirements are met, the judge considers the "best interests" of the child. This best interest concept is similar to the best interests considered in child support cases.

The criteria for an emancipation ruling are discussed below.

Preliminary Requirements for an Emancipation Proceeding

First, the child must meet the minimum age at which the state emancipation law allows children to be emancipated. For example, the child must be at least 14 in California, 16 in Illinois, and 18 in Alabama where the age of majority is 19. Court proceedings, including emancipation, can be quite slow, so if you’re already only a few months from the age of majority, it may be better to just wait until you are of age.

Also, the parents usually must be notified of the emancipation proceeding. Parents may object to the proceeding, however. In Illinois, if a parent objects to an emancipation proceeding, it ends the case without emancipation, whereas in Michigan a parent's objection will only result in the court possibly dismissing the matter.

Best Interests of the Child

Before issuing an emancipation ruling, the court will decide what's in the minor's best interests. While these criteria vary by state, common factors include:

  • Financial Support of the Minor: An important criterion of emancipation is how the minor is able to support himself or herself financially, either currently or in the future without receiving income from illegal activities or welfare.
  • Where the minor is living: The court will consider if the minor is currently living apart from his or her parents or has made adequate arrangements for future housing if granted emancipation.
  • Decision Making:The judge will want to know if the minor can adequately make decisions for himself or herself and may seek evidence from the minor demonstrating good decision making skills.
  • Maturity: The petitioning minor is often required to prove he or she has sufficient maturity to function as an adult.
  • Education Whether the minor is attending school or has already received a diploma may be considered and it may also impact his or her financial self-sufficiency.
  • Pregnancy: If a pregnant girl is seeking emancipation, factors such as how she plans to care for herself and the baby and whether she plans to wed the father (which would result in automatic emancipation) will also be considered by the court.
  • Abuse from the Minor's Parents: Generally, the court will also consider the parents' behavior that resulted in the minor seeking emancipation, such as if the child experienced physical, sexual, or emotional abuse at the hands of the parents who have a legal obligation to care for the child.

Additional Considerations for Emancipation Rulings

State laws may require additional information. For example, emancipation petitions in Georgia must include the names of adults who know about the minor's circumstances, such as his or her school counselor, landlord, and pastor. If there’s no state law specifically addressing emancipation procedures, then common law or cases previously decided on the issue of emancipation will determine what the child must do or prove in order to be emancipated.

Have Questions About an Emancipation Ruling? An Attorney Can Help

Emancipation is an important process that will have a significant impact on your life. But are you ready for the process and what will follow? There's no reason to go through this alone. Instead, an experienced family law attorney can help advise you about your rights during the process and can also be your advocate in court. Find a family law attorney licensed to practice in your area today.

You Don’t Have To Solve This on Your Own – Get a Lawyer’s Help

Meeting with a lawyer can help you understand your options and how to best protect your rights. Visit our attorney directory to find a lawyer near you who can help.

Or contact an attorney near you:

Next Steps

Contact a qualified family law attorney to make sure your rights are protected.

Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select

Help Me Find a Do-It-Yourself Solution

Copied to clipboard

Find a Lawyer

More Options