Skip to main content

Are you a legal professional? Visit our professional site

Guided Legal Forms & Services: Sign In

Please enter a legal issue and/or a location
Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select

Becoming a Tax-Exempt Organization

Nonprofits and Tax-Exempt Status

Many nonprofit organizations wish to benefit from tax exemptions offered by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and state governments. Groups seeking tax-exempt status first must form the underlying organization as a nonprofit corporation.

State nonprofit corporations laws govern formation of these organizations. Generally, a nonprofit may not involve itself in pecuniary gain or remuneration. Each state sets specific rules and limits for the types of groups that may qualify for nonprofit status, but qualifying groups may incorporate in the same manner as their profit-minded cousins.

The procedure for gaining tax-exempt status can be lengthy and complex -- requiring time, money, and a certain level of technical expertise in the legal and tax implications involved. Once the IRS grants tax-exempt status, the organization must follow specific operational rules, which require careful oversight and ongoing professional assistance. Despite these obstacles, the result can make a phenomenal difference to achievement of organizational goals.

We make business formation EASY. Learn about our DIY business formation services here.

Applying for Tax-Exempt Status with IRS: Five Categories

Once the nonprofit corporation is formed, the most common way to receive tax-exempt status is to apply under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Nonprofit corporations qualifying under this section enjoy exemptions from federal, state, and local taxes, and donors can write off their contributions on their individual tax returns. The IRS allows organizations to file for tax-exempt status under section 501(c)(3) if they fit within one of five identified categories. The organization must:

  • have a "Charitable Purpose"; or
  • qualify as a "Religious Group"; or
  • be considered a "Scientific Organization"; or
    Serve a "Literary Purpose"; or
  • Qualify as an "Educational Organization"

The IRS defines these categories broadly, but does not rubber-stamp all applications. For example, scientific organizations must perform research in the public interest, and educational organizations can not espouse a particular political viewpoint.

Keep in mind, there are numerous different types of exemptions under the tax code for different purposes, and your organization might find one more beneficial than the other. This can be especially true if your organization is involved in any type of lobbying or political work. Simply put, before deciding to apply to become a 501(c)(3), it's a good idea to sit down and study other possibilities with your attorney. Together, you can decide on the type of exemption that best meets your needs.

State Tax Exemptions for Nonprofit Organizations

State tax exemptions for nonprofit organizations may depend on the IRS's decision on the group's federal application. Once the official notification of status arrives, the nonprofit should seek to confirm tax-exempt status in the state of residence. Generally, state tax-exempt status applies retroactively to the date of the federal grant.

Nonprofit Organizations and Tax-Exempt Status: Get Legal Help

Nonprofit incorporation and federal tax exemption involve complex legal and taxation issues. For this reason, it's best to consult with an experienced tax attorney who can oversee the entire process and ensure that the organization meets all relevant statutory requirements.

If you are ready to start your nonprofit, consider our business formation services. We offer a simple way to set up your business quickly.

You Don’t Have To Solve This on Your Own – Get a Lawyer’s Help

Meeting with a lawyer can help you understand your options and how to best protect your rights. Visit our attorney directory to find a lawyer near you who can help.

Or contact an attorney near you:

I'd Like Help From a Lawyer

Contact a qualified business attorney to help you navigate the process of starting a business.

Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select

I'd Like a Do-It-Yourself Solution

Set Up Your Business - in Minutes!

We have a DIY option you can use to save time and stress. We help you:

  • Determine the best business structure
  • File the right paperwork
  • Stay compliant with the law

Show me the DIY option

 

Prefer to work with a lawyer? Find one right now.

Copied to clipboard

Find a Lawyer

More Options