A computer crime, legally speaking, refers to the unauthorized access of a computer or network; the theft of data, goods, or services as a result of this access; or the destruction of data, computer equipment or network. While identity theft often involves the use of computers and Internet technology, states have separate statutes addressing the crime. An example of a computer crime would be an individual hacking into a financial institution's network (without authorization) and altering his savings account balance.
See FindLaw's Cyber Crimes section for related articles and resources.
Arkansas Computer Crime Law at a Glance
Arkansas's Computer Related Crimes Act lists numerous types of offenses pertaining to the use of a computer, computer network, and related media. In addition to criminal sanctions, violators may be sued by their victims. Computer crimes in "The Natural State" include the following violations:
- Computer fraud - use of a computer to defraud, extort, obtain money, etc.
- Computer trespass - accessing computer without authorization to alter, delete, damage, etc.
- Unlawful computerized communications - using a computer to threaten or harass another person
- Disclosure of personal information - revealing another individual's personally identifying information without their permission
- Unlawful act regarding a computer - includes several offenses, including the modification, destruction, transfer, of computer data
- Unlawful interference with access to computers or unlawful use/access - includes distributed denial of service (DDS) attacks
- Unlawful use of encryption - use of encryption to conceal criminal activity
- Unlawful act involving email - commission of fraud or other crimes using email
- Computer password disclosure - publishing or otherwise disclosing passwords
See the following chart for more details about the Arkansas computer crime statute.
||5-41-101, et seq.
|Mental State Required for Prosecution
|Misdemeanor Computer Crimes
||Computer trespass, access with damage under $2500 but over $500, class A misdemeanor; access with no damage, class C misdemeanor; access as 2nd or subsequent violation with loss or damage under $500, class B misdemeanor; unlawful computerized communication, class A misdemeanor; computer fraud, class D felony
|Felony Computer Crimes
||Access with damage over $2500; computer fraud, class D felony
|Attempt Considered a Crime?
|Civil Lawsuit Permitted?
Note: State laws are not carved in stone and are subject to change without notice. Please consider contacting an Arkansas criminal defense attorney or conducting your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.
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Arkansas Computer Crime Laws: Related Resources