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Michigan Civil Statute of Limitations Laws

State "statute of limitations" laws dictate how long a potential plaintiff has to file a civil lawsuit. These time limits often vary by type of claim, with libel and slander typically the shortest. Statutes of limitations ensure would-be plaintiffs don't use the threat of a lawsuit as leverage indefinitely. They also ensure the integrity of evidence and testimony. Prosecutors have similar limits for filing criminal charges but certain serious crimes, such as murder, do not have any limits for charges.

Michigan's civil statute of limitations allows:

  • Three years for personal injuries
  • Up to six years for fraud, trespassing, collection of rent, contracts, and debt collection
  • Ten years for judgments

Libel and slander (defamation) claims are the only civil action with a one-year limit.

The following chart lists Michigan's civil statutes of limitations. It includes statute citations and links to related resources. See Time Limit Considerations in Medical Malpractice Claims for more information.

Injury to Person

3 yrs. §600.5805(2)


1 yr. §600.5805(11)


6 yrs. §600.5813

Injury to Personal Property

3 yrs. §600.5805(2)

Professional Malpractice

2 yrs. §600.5805(8)


6 yrs. §600.5805(2)

Collection of Rents

6 yrs. §600.5813


Written: 6 yrs. §600.5807(9); Oral: 6 yrs. §600.5807(9)

Collection of Debt on Account

6 yrs. §600.5813


10 yrs. ct. of record; 6 yrs. ct. not of record §600.5809(3)

Note: State laws are always subject to change through the passage of new legislation, court rulings, ballot initiatives, and other means. While we do our best to ensure the accuracy of these pages, it is best to contact a Michigan personal injury attorney or research the law(s) on your own.

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Michigan Civil Statute of Limitations Laws: Related Resources

Get Help Understanding Michigan Civil Statute of Limitations Laws

Michigan's civil statute of limitations varies depending on the circumstances of the case and the type of claim involved. Consult an experienced litigation attorney near you to learn more about Michigan civil statute of limitations laws or get help with your legal matter.

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