Minnesota Abortion Laws
Abortion is legal in Minnesota subject to a mandatory 24-hour waiting period until the fetus is viable. After the fetus is viable, abortion is available to preserve the life of the mother.
In 1995, the Minnesota Supreme Court recognized a right to abortion under the state constitution in Doe v. Gomez. Although the U.S. Supreme Court overruled Roe v. Wade in Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health, abortion remains available in Minnesota under Gomez.
Minnesota Abortion Laws at a Glance
Minnesota abortion laws are not as restrictive as many other states, but they do require the informed consent of the mother (i.e. mandatory counseling about the medical risks of abortion), followed by a 24-hour waiting period. The mandatory counseling session also requires the patient to learn about whether the fetus will experience pain and other information that critics say is meant to discourage women from seeking abortions.
|Code Section||145.411 to 424 and 617.20 to 22|
|Statutory Definition of Illegal Abortion||Failure to meet standards of legal abortion; sale or manufacture of drug, substance, or instrument intended for unlawful use in miscarriage or abortion procedure; act, procedure, or use of any instrument, medicine, or drug which is supplied, prescribed for, or administered to a pregnant woman which results in the termination of pregnancy|
|Statutory Definition of Legal Abortion||Before viability, by a trained M.D. After viability, must be performed in the hospital and necessary to preserve the life or health of the mother and the procedure used will reasonably assure live birth. After the 20th week, 2nd M.D. must be immediately accessible for any resulting live birth|
|Penalty for Unlawful Abortion||Felony|
|Consent Requirements||Informed consent of mother after mandatory counseling (medical risks, etc.), followed by a 24-hour waiting period|
|Residency Requirements for Patients||-|
|Physician Licensing Requirements||Licensed M.D., and licensed abortion facility or hospital if after the first trimester|
Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact a Minnesota health care attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.
Research the Law
- Minnesota Law
- Official State Codes - Links to the official online statutes (laws) in all 50 states and DC.
Minnesota Abortion Laws: Related Resources
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