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Minnesota Abortion Laws


Abortion is legal in Minnesota.


In 1995, the Minnesota Supreme Court recognized a right to abortion under the state constitution in Doe v. Gomez. Although the U.S. Supreme Court overruled Roe v. Wade in Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health, abortion is protected by the Minnesota Constitution under Gomez

On January 31, 2023, Minnesota Governor Tim Walz signed HF 1, the Protect Reproduction Options Act, into law. The PRO Act recognized a right to reproductive freedom, including a right to abortion, at all stages of pregnancy.

It is not yet clear to what extent the courts will uphold certain preexisting limitations, such as restrictions on who can perform abortions and under what circumstances.

Minnesota Abortion Laws at a Glance

Minnesota abortion laws are listed in the following table. See FindLaw's Reproductive Rights section (which includes a subsection on Abortion) to learn more.

Code Section 145.409 and 617.20 to 22
Statutory Definition of Legal Abortion Before viability, by a trained M.D. After viability, must be performed in the hospital. After the 20th week, 2nd M.D. must be immediately accessible for any resulting live birth
Physician Licensing Requirements Licensed M.D., and licensed abortion facility or hospital if after the first trimester

Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact a Minnesota health care attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

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Minnesota Abortion Laws: Related Resources

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