Every state considers an individual to be an adult in the eyes of the law once they reach the age of majority, which is 18 in all but one state (21 in Mississippi). For most people, this means they assume all the rights and responsibilities of adulthood, such as the right to vote, sign contracts, sign a lease agreement, be drafted by the military, and so on. Most states also recognize other ages at which certain processes and protections are made available (emancipation, for example).
Legal Age Laws in Minnesota: Overview
Minnesota statute allows minors as young as 14 to sue, but it must be done through a court-appointed guardian ad litem, parent, guardian, friend, or relative. Minors as young as 16 may get married with written consent of a parent, guardian, or the court. Petitions for emancipation from one's parents are taken on a case-by-case basis and not standardized in the law (more information below).
A summary of Minnesota legal age laws is listed in the following chart, with links to related sources. See Emancipation of Minors and Parental Liability Basics for additional information.
|Age of Majority
|Eligibility for Emancipation
|Contracts by Minors
||For necessities only; other contracts voidable (common law)
|Minors' Ability to Sue
||At 14 by general guardian ad litem appointed by court; otherwise by general guardian, relative, or friend, by default (RCP §17.02)
|Minors' Consent to Medical Treatment
||Minor may consent if living apart from parents and managing own financial affairs, if married or parent, or for pregnancy, venereal disease, or substance abuse (§144.341 et seq.)
Note: State laws are constantly changing. FindLaw works hard to keep these pages up-to-date, but you may also want to contact a Minnesota family law attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.
How Do You Get Emancipated in Minnesota?
While there's no statutory provision in Minnesota for emancipation, which gives a minor the same legal responsibilities as an adult, courts will review petitions for emancipation. The state doesn't publish official forms for emancipation, but its Juvenile Law homepage references a Legal Fact Sheet on Emancipation (PDF) published by the Mid-Minnesota Legal Aid.
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Minnesota Legal Age Laws: Related Resources