Skip to main content

Are you a legal professional? Visit our professional site

Guided Legal Forms & Services: Sign In

Please enter a legal issue and/or a location
Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select

Minnesota Protective Orders Laws

Note: If you or someone you know is the victim of domestic violence, call the Minnesota Day One Crisis Hotline at 1-800-223-1111 or your local police.

Overview of Protective Orders in Minnesota

A Minnesota protective order (also called a restraining order) requires a named individual, such as a stalker or an abusive spouse, to stay a certain distance away from the petitioner (the person requesting protection) for up to one year. These orders may be extended if the court deems it appropriate. The petitioner alleging domestic abuse must file a sworn affidavit as to the specific circumstances requiring relief, and a hearing is held within 14 days (unless it's an emergency, or ex parte order).

How to File an Order of Protection in Minnesota

The Minnesota courts provide a number of official forms for use when filing orders of protection and other processes related domestic violence. The state judiciary's self help center also provides a section on laws, rules, and resources on domestic abuse and harassment. You may also want to speak with a family law attorney experienced in such matters.

Additional details about orders of protection in Minnesota can found in the following table. See FindLaw's Domestic Violence section for additional resources.

Code Section 518B.01
Activity Addressed by Order Enjoin contact; exclude from dwelling, work; regarding minors: temporary custody, visitation, support; counseling; restitution; continue payment of joint insurance coverage; issue property limitations.
Duration of Order General: maximum 1 year, may be extended. Ex parte order: maximum 1 year
Penalty for a Violation of Order Misdemeanor: minimum 3 days jail and counseling. Gross misdemeanor if convicted under certain laws, within 5 years: minimum 10 days and counseling; court may order $10,000 bond or 5 yrs. imprisonment, or both if repeat violation likely or if possessing a dangerous weapon
Who May Apply for Order Any family or household member, a guardian, or regarding minors: a reputable adult age 25 or older as determined by the court, or minor on minor's own behalf if court determines minor has sufficient maturity
Can Fees Be Waived? Yes; respondent may be directed to pay them
Order Transmission to Law Enforcement Copy within 24 hours to local law enforcement agency with jurisdiction over the residence of the applicant
Civil Liability for Violation of Order Yes, contempt of court

Note: State laws are constantly changing -- contact a Minnesota criminal defense lawyer or domestic violence lawyer, or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

Research the Law

Minnesota Protective Order Laws: Related Resources

Have Questions About Minnesota Protective Orders Laws? Get Legal Help

Whether you're in need of a protective order or are subject to one, it's very important that you understand how they work. If you have additional questions related to your specific situation or want to learn more about Minnesota protective orders laws in general, it's a good idea to speak to an experienced family law attorney near you today.

You Don’t Have To Solve This on Your Own – Get a Lawyer’s Help

Meeting with a lawyer can help you understand your options and how to best protect your rights. Visit our attorney directory to find a lawyer near you who can help.

Or contact an attorney near you:

Next Steps: Search for a Local Attorney

Contact a qualified attorney.

Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select

Can I Solve This on My Own or Do I Need an Attorney?

  • Complex criminal defense situations usually require a lawyer
  • Defense attorneys can help protect your rights
  • A lawyer can seek to reduce or eliminate criminal penalties

Get tailored advice and ask your legal questions. Many Minnesota attorneys offer free consultations.


 If you need an attorney, find one right now.

Copied to clipboard

Find a Lawyer

More Options