New Jersey Insurance Fraud Laws
Created by FindLaw's team of legal writers and editors | Last reviewed June 20, 2016
Definition of Insurance Fraud
In New Jersey, insurance fraud can occur in numerous different ways. Generally an insurance fraud offense occurs when someone knowingly omits a material fact or makes a false or misleading statement to an insurance company. In New Jersey, insurance fraud is charged as a third degree felony.
Multiple instances of insurance fraud can be a second degree offense with even stricter penalties. When a claim is filed, any information that is provided in the application itself or thereafter that misleads the insurance company in order to acquire insurance money or acquire a renewal in policy is considered fraud. including:
- Automobile Accidents
- Automobile Insurance
- Health Care Claims
- Insurance Applications
- Disability Benefits
- Unemployment Insurance
- Workers' Compensation
Who Enforces and Prosecutes Insurance Fraud Laws?
New Jersey state and local prosecutors handle insurance fraud cases under the state's penal laws. The Feds can also prosecute insurance fraud under a number of criminal statutes including as "mail fraud," "criminal racketeering," or other federal offenses.
How Do I File a Complaint Against an Insurance Company?
Contact the New Jersey Department of Banking and Insurance (NJDOBI) for complaints against insurance carriers and discount health plan providers,
The following table highlights the main provisions of New Jersey's Insurance Fraud laws.
|What is Prohibited
|Knowingly lying about, or concealing an important fact in connection with a insurance claim or payment made under an insurance policy. Applies to issuing fake insurance policies and rate-fixing. Also includes conspiring to do any of the above.
Possible penalties include:
Possible civil penalties including fines, revocation of business license, etch.
|Who Can Be Prosecuted
|Consumers, Providers (such a doctor and auto repair shop), and Insurance Companies, Adjusters and others
|Types of Insurance Fraud
|Automobile Repair and Accidents, Medical/Health care, Life, Worker's Compensation, Fire, Property (Repairs and Property Claims Adjustments).
Insurance Fraud Detection Reward Program
Individuals may apply for a reward for any tip that leads to an arrest and conviction. A reward is only payable if the tip results in a criminal conviction and is paid only for tips leading to new investigations, not cases already under investigation. Reward applications must be submitted within 30 days of the date which the applicant initially provided the information to be eligible for a reward.
|Examples of Insurance Fraud
If you feel you have been victimized by insurance fraud, here is some contact information that can help you:
- Office of the Insurance Fraud Prosecutor: 1-877-553-7283
- Local New Jersey Police Departments
Because insurance fraud laws can sometimes get complicated, it may also be a good idea to consult an experienced criminal defense lawyer if you have questions about your specific situation.
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