New York Marijuana Laws
New York allows both medical and recreational marijuana. It was fully legalized in March 2021 with changes focused primarily on recreational marijuana. You can learn the specifics of medical marijuana laws in New York.
New York's Recreational Marijuana Laws and Penalties
New York's drug laws are complex. There are half a dozen multiple classes laid out for drug possession alone. With that caveat, the basic provisions of New York marijuana laws are listed in the table below. See FindLaw's Drug Charges section to learn more.
Marihuana Regulation and Taxation Act S854A
|Penalties for Possession||
Up to 3 ounces of cannabis or up to twenty-four grams of concentrated cannabis - legal for those 21 or older
4 to 8 ounces - up to one year in jail and/or $1,000 fine
8 to 16 ounces - 1-4 years in prison and/or up to $5,000 fine (mandatory prison time for second offenses)
16 ounces to 10 pounds - 1-7 years in prison and/or up to $5,000 fine (mandatory prison time for second offenses)
10 pounds or more - 1-15 years in prison and/or up to $5,000 fine (mandatory prison time for second offenses)
|Penalties for Sale||
Up to three ounces or up to twenty-four grams of concentrated cannabis without payment - Legal for those 21 or older
Cultivating or selling up to 24 grams - up to 1 year in jail and/or up to $1,000 fine
25 grams to four ounces - 1-4 years in prison and/or up to $5,000 fine
4 to 16 ounces - 1-7 years in prison and/or up to $5,000 fine
16 ounces or more - 1-15 years in prison and/or up to $5,000 fine
Selling any amount to a minor - 1-7 years in jail and/or up to $5,000 fine
|Expungement||According to Bill S6579, People who have been previously convicted of possessing small amounts of cannabis can expunge their records.|
Note: State laws are always subject to change through the passage of new legislation, rulings in the higher courts (including federal decisions), ballot initiatives, and other means. While we strive to provide the most current information available, please consult an attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.
Medical Marijuana Laws in New York
New York allows for the limited use of medical marijuana within the state. No more than twenty dispensaries can operate statewide. Those facilities are able to prescribe non-smokable preparations (i.e. tinctures, edibles) of marijuana to people with cancer, glaucoma, or other diseases on a state list.
Research the Law
- New York Code
- Official State Codes - Links to the official online statutes (laws) in all 50 states and DC.
New York Marijuana Laws: Related Resources
- Medical Marijuana: An Overview
- Drug Manufacturing and Cultivation
- New York Criminal Statute of Limitations
Arrested Under New York Marijuana Laws? Talk to an Attorney
States have generally loosened their marijuana laws, but it's still a crime to sell, grow, or possess cannabis in New York. If you've been charged with a marijuana-related crime, penalties upon conviction (or after a guilty plea) may vary quite a bit. Your best bet is to contact a skilled drug crime lawyer in New York who can explain how the state's marijuana laws apply to your specific circumstances and provide you with your options moving forward.
You Don’t Have To Solve This on Your Own – Get a Lawyer’s Help
Meeting with a lawyer can help you understand your options and how to best protect your rights. Visit our attorney directory to find a lawyer near you who can help.
Next Steps: Search for a Local Attorney
Contact a qualified attorney.