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Ohio Legal Ages Laws

Most states have different age limits for different types of legal transactions, such as the ability to enter into a contract or file a lawsuit. However, Ohio legal age laws do not provide specific ages for a number of these. For example, Ohio law doesn't state the age when a minor is eligible for emancipation.

Minors in Ohio generally cannot provide consent to most medical procedures and must seek the consent of a parent or legal guardian instead. But the state also allows so-called "mature minors" to consent to such procedures without the consent of a parent or guardian. "Mature minors" must be at least 15 years of age or older, and they must be able to show a doctor that they have enough understanding to make such decisions on their own.

Legal Age Laws in Ohio

The following table lists the various provisions of Ohio's legal age laws. See "Emancipation of Minors Basics" and "Parental Liability Basics" for related information.

Age of Majority

Under §3109.01, the age of majority is 18.

Eligibility for Emancipation

No statute specifies criteria for eligibility.

Contracts by Minors

  • Under 1109.09, a minor 15 years of age or older may execute banking transactions, including opening and using a bank account and opening and using a safety deposit box.
  • Under 3911.08, a minor may enter into contracts for insurance, including life insurance on anyone in whose person or on whose life the minor has an insurable interest.

Minors' Ability to Sue

Under the Ohio Rules of Civil Procedure, minors may file lawsuits through a personal representative, next friend, or guardian ad litem.

Minors' Consent to Medical Treatment

  • Under 3719.012, a minor may consent to medical treatments related to substance abuse without involving a parent or guardian.
  • Under 5120.172, incarcerated minors may consent to medical treatments as any adult would, when they are in the confines of a prison.
  • Under 2907.29, a minor can consent to medical treatments related to sexually transmitted infections without involving a parent or guardian. This statute refers to specifically to minors who are also victims of a sexual offense.
  • Under 3701.242, a minor may consent to HIV testing without involving a parent or guardian.

Note: State laws are constantly changing. Contact an Ohio family law attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

Research the Law

Consider reviewing the following resources for more information about laws in Ohio, including those related to age:

  • At Ohio Law, you'll find links to all laws in the states, including those related to age.
  • At Official State Codes, you'll find links to the official online statutes (laws) in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Ohio Legal Age Laws: Related Resources

Consider reviewing the following resources as well for more information about laws and legal issues related to age:

Have Questions About Ohio Legal Age Laws? Talk to an Attorney

The vagueness of the legal age laws makes them difficult to understand. If you need help with these or other legal age law concerns, then you might consider discussing these issues with an experienced family law attorney near you.

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