Skip to main content
Find a Lawyer
Please enter a legal issue and/or a location
Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select

Utah Privacy of School Records Laws

Privacy laws regarding school records are crucial for protecting student confidentiality. They help ensure the safety of students' personal information. In Utah, these laws are designed to safeguard student privacy. At the same time, they allow necessary access for educational and other very important purposes, e.g., safety. One key federal law governing student data privacy is the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). FERPA outlines the rights of parents and students regarding student data protection. Understanding these laws is important for students and parents. They help maintain a balance between privacy and educational needs.

Privacy of School Records Laws Generally

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) is a federal law. This law safeguards student information. One type of student information is personally identifiable information (PII). PII includes details such as a student's name, address, and telephone number. It also includes students' Social Security numbers, identification numbers, and other identifiers. Many education entities collect and store this data.

Schools may disclose some information without the consent of the student or parental consent. This information can be disclosed to authorized school officials. But these officials must have a legitimate educational interest in the disclosure. Legitimate educational interests refer to those directly related to classroom instruction. It can also be related to student discipline and safety emergencies.

Schools must inform parents and eligible students about their rights under FERPA. This is usually through annual notification during student enrollment.

FERPA also allows for the disclosure of directory information. This includes a student's name, grade level, and participation in activities. Schools can disclose directory information without consent. This is the case unless the parent or eligible student opts out. In cases where disclosure is required by law, schools may release information without consent. This could be, for example, in response to a court order or a subpoena.

Utah Privacy of School Records Laws

Utah law complements FERPA. Together, they help to protect student privacy in education programs. The Utah Code addresses the privacy of student information. It outlines data collection practices within educational institutions. Utah law requires schools to get consent from a student's parent or legal guardian before disclosing certain information.

Utah law also specifies procedures for handling student records in cases of parental divorce or separation. This helps ensure that custodial parents keep access to their student's educational records. Utah law also emphasizes that entities should create safeguards against data breaches. This can help discourage and prevent unauthorized access to student information.

Code Section

Utah Code 53G-7-204: Access to student records by custodial and non-custodial parents

Who Has Access to School Records?

The school will release records to the custodial parent or noncustodial parent unless a court order restricts the noncustodial parent and the school has a copy of such court order.
Agency to Contact for Complaints You may want to file a complaint about school record privacy violations. If so, contact the U.S. Department of Education Student Privacy Policy Office.

Penalty for Violation of School Record Privacy Laws

Violations can result in severe penalties at the federal level. Schools found violating FERPA may face the loss of federal funding. This includes both grants and loans. Those responsible for unauthorized disclosure of student records can also be held responsible. This means they are subject to fines or other disciplinary actions. The U.S. Department of Education imposes these penalties.

Note: State laws may change at any time through the enactment of new legislation, decisions made at higher courts, and through other means. We strive to ensure the accuracy of the information on these pages, but you also may want to contact a Utah education law attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

Getting Legal Help

There may be instances where you feel your or your child's privacy has been violated. In these situations, you have the right to seek legal help. Lawyers can help clarify student privacy and parental rights. Attorneys with experience in education law can provide guidance and representation to protect students' rights. They can also help ensure compliance with applicable federal and state regulations and school district policies. Attorneys can review subpoenas and other court orders. They can provide valuable guidance when exploring your legal options.

Consult a qualified Utah education attorney about your potential case today.

Was this helpful?

You Don’t Have To Solve This on Your Own – Get a Lawyer’s Help

Meeting with a lawyer can help you understand your options and how to best protect your rights. Visit our attorney directory to find a lawyer near you who can help.

Or contact an attorney near you:

Next Steps: Search for a Local Attorney

Contact a qualified attorney.

Begin typing to search, use arrow keys to navigate, use enter to select
Copied to clipboard

Find a Lawyer

More Options