Vermont Medical Records Laws
Created by FindLaw's team of legal writers and editors | Last reviewed June 20, 2016
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We trust our doctors with an enormous amount of personal information. Yet we rarely think to ask about the rules and regulations regarding how our medical information is stored and shared. Most of us consider our medical records to be private, but which laws apply to sharing our most important personal information? This is a quick summary of medical records laws in Vermont.
Vermont Medical Records Laws
Vermont medical records laws hold all privileged patient medical records as confidential, available to some medical care professionals when necessary. Here is more valuable information about your medical records.
Along with Vermont state law, the federal law known as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), normally requires doctors and their staff to keep your medical records confidential, unless you allow the doctor's office to disclose them. There are, however, three (3) general exceptions:
- Emergency: If you have suffered a traumatic injury and cannot make medical decisions for yourself, a doctor may discuss your medical information with a spouse or family member;
- Part of a Court Case: If you bring a personal injury lawsuit or a worker’s compensation claim , a doctor may testify about your health or injuries;
- Government Reporting: Doctors are required to report certain information (births, deaths, and some communicable diseases) to the government for public health interests.
Are Prescription Records Given the Same Confidentiality Protections as Other Medical Records?
Yes, under the federal HIPAA privacy regulations, prescription records are treated the same as other health records and are subject to the same confidentiality provisions.
Vermont law separately provides for the confidentiality of prescriptions, pharmacy orders and records relating to regulated drugs, but specifically mandates that these records shall be open to inspection to law enforcement agents enforcing federal and state drug laws and to agents of professional licensing boards.
Learn more about Vermont's medical records laws below, with links to additional sources. See FindLaw's Patient Rights section for more information.
|Code Section(s)||12 §1612 et seq.|
|Who Has Access to Records?||Patient, physician, chiropractor, dentist, nurse, or mental health professional not allowed to disclose information acquired in attending a patient in a professional capacity|
|What Privileges Apply to Medical Records?||Vermont patient privilege statute and the mental health information statute permit disclosures without patient consent only if directed by a court of law.|
|Mandatory Reporting Requirements||
|Liability of Healthcare Provider for Wrongful Disclosure||
|Provisions Related to HIV/AIDS||HIV-related testing and counseling information disclosed upon court order showing "compelling need" that can't be accommodated "by other means" (pseudonym substituted if possible).|
Note: State laws surrounding the issues of privacy and patients' rights are constantly changing. You may wish to contact a Vermont health care attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching. Most attorneys offer free consultations.
Research the Law
- Vermont Law
- Official State Codes - Links to the official online statutes (laws) in all 50 states and DC.
Related Resources for Vermont Medical Records Laws
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