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Indoor Slip and Fall Accident Conditions

One of the most common personal injury lawsuits is the slip and fall lawsuit. For one thing, many different conditions can cause them. The winter months can see children and pedestrians slip and fall on icy sidewalks or paths. Careless maintenance at a supermarket can cause shoppers to slip and fall in an aisle. At the same time, slip and fall accidents are often relatively straightforward in terms of culpability (guilt): the finger can be pointed at the owner or possessor of the building or land.

When the area where you slipped or tripped and fell is part of the property owner or the property possessor's premises, and he or she failed to take appropriate precautions or correct a problem that led to the accident, the owner or possessor can usually be held legally responsible for your injuries.

What follows are some examples of common conditions that lead to slip and fall accidents outdoors, and the rules regarding a property owner's duties with respect to those conditions.

Ice or Snow Outside a Building

Generally, the law doesn't require a property owner/possessor to remove ice or snow that accumulates outside his or her building as a result of the weather. However, if conditions on the property cause an unnatural accumulation of ice or snow, the property owner may be liable for slip and fall accidents, such as when:

  • Ice accumulates on the roof, then melts and drips off because of a clogged drain, then refreezes on the ground;
  • The sloping surface of a parking lot causes melting ice to form puddles, and then refreeze into ice patches.

In addition, if a property owner/possessor elects to provide snow or ice removal, he must not do so negligently.

Inadequate Outdoor Lighting

Inadequate lighting may also lead to accidents involving slip and falls in parking lots, trips over curbing, falls on a step or stairs from a parking lot to a store, and trips and falls due to holes, cracks, and uneven surfaces. A property owner/possessor may be liable if he or she knew or should have known of the poor lighting and failed to remedy the situation.

Parking Lots

A parking lot owner is responsible for maintaining the parking lot in a manner such that it is reasonably safe for people using it. This includes filling and patching cracks and holes and warning of hazards on the premises like holes or uneven walkways. Additionally, differences in height from one section of the lot to another should be gradual rather than abrupt to prevent tripping or slip and fall injuries.


Generally, a property owner is not responsible for injuries resulting from a slip and fall on a public sidewalk outside their property but is owned and maintained by a city or town. For public sidewalks, the municipality or city will be responsible. Suppose the sidewalk is on the property owner's property. In that case, the property owner is responsible for slip and falls and has a duty to warn of dangers and to maintain the condition of the sidewalk.

Get An Attorney's Help with Your Slip and Fall Claim

Slip and fall accidents often lead to considerable medical bills and time away from work. In order to receive compensation for medical expenses and lost wages, injured individuals often choose to file a lawsuit against the property owner or the person or company responsible for the condition of the premises that caused the accident.

A great first step in pursuing a potential claim is to contact an experienced personal injury lawyer.

You Don’t Have To Solve This on Your Own – Get a Lawyer’s Help

Meeting with a lawyer can help you understand your options and how to best protect your rights. Visit our attorney directory to find a lawyer near you who can help.

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Next Steps

Contact a qualified personal injury attorney to make sure your rights are protected.

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