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Colorado Negligence Laws

When one party owes another party a duty -- such as a shopkeeper's requirement to keep the floor clean -- and deviates from that duty, they are considered negligent. If this negligence causes injury to the other party (or parties), then they may be held liable for damages.

Negligence is the legal basis for most personal injury and accident-related lawsuits, including slip-and-fall and medical malpractice injuries. While negligence claims are based on common law and are very similar among different states, state laws often have subtle differences in how fault is assigned and damages are awarded.

This article provides a general overview of Colorado's negligence laws.

What Are Colorado's Negligence Laws?

Colorado is a modified comparative negligence state. Meaning, the plaintiff's damages are reduced by the plaintiff's percentage of fault. But, if the plaintiff is found to be more negligent or equal to the combined negligence of the defendant, the plaintiff gets nothing.

For example, a motorist who was speeding when he was struck and injured by a drunk driver may have his damages reduced in proportion to his share of the fault. But if the court determines the claimant's negligence to be greater than the defendant, the plaintiff may not recover any damages.

See the chart below to learn more about Colorado's negligence laws, and FindLaw's Negligence section for additional articles and resources.

Code Section

§ 13-21-111 of the Colorado Revised Statutes

Modified Comparative Negligence

Contributory negligence does not bar recovery if the claimant's negligence is not greater than or equal to the defendant's. But any damages allowed are diminished in proportion to the claimant's attributed negligence (§ 13-21-111)

Contributory Negligence-Limit to Plaintiff's Recovery

- See above.

Contribution Among Tortfeasors

Yes; §§13-50.5-101 to 13.50.5-106

Uniform Act

Yes. §§13-50.5-101 to 13.50.5-106

Note: State laws are constantly changing -- make sure you talk to a Colorado personal injury attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

Research the Law

Get Legal Help with Your Negligence Claim in Colorado

Colorado's personal injury laws can be hard to navigate. A Colorado attorney who understands Colorado's modified comparative negligence limits will maximize your financial recovery.

If you're dealing with a personal injury matter that merits compensation, you can get the best guidance by speaking with a local personal injury attorney today.

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