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Louisiana Child Custody Laws

Parents must come to an agreement on child custody when they separate. These arrangements include how they will make major decisions regarding their child moving forward (referred to as "legal custody") and how they will share time with the child (referred to as "parenting time," "timesharing," or "physical custody," depending on the state). If parents are unable to come to an agreement, courts will decide the best course of action based on state child custody laws.

Louisiana, like all other states except Massachusetts, has adopted the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (UCCJEA). Louisiana child custody laws recognize joint custody as an option for separated parents, as well as grandparents' visitation rights, and courts will generally consider a child's own wishes before issuing custody orders.

This is a quick summary of child custody laws in Louisiana.

Child Custody Statutes in Louisiana

You can find additional details about Louisiana child custody laws in the chart below. See FindLaw's extensive Child Custody section for more articles and resources.

Code Section

Tit. V, Art. 131 et seq. of the Louisiana Civil Code

Year Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act Adopted


Joint Custody an Option?

Yes, Tit. V, Art. 132

Grandparent Visitation Rights Recognized?

Yes, limited, Rev. Stat. § 9:344

Child's Own Wishes Considered?


Note: State laws are always subject to change through the passage of new legislation, rulings in the higher courts (including federal decisions), ballot initiatives, and other means. While we strive to provide the most current information available, please consult an attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

Louisiana Custody Hearings

If you and your ex are unable to agree on a custody arrangement on your own, a court may have to hold a custody hearing to decide on contested issues. In most cases, a judge will create an arrangement based on the child's best interests. Louisiana family courts can consider any factor relevant to a child's best interests and will generally give more weight to the factors that will affect the child's safety and well-being. Some of these factors will focus on the child's relationship with any siblings and the need for consistency and continuity in their education, community, and family life. The reasonable preference of the child, if the court deems the child to be of sufficient age to express a preference, will be considered.

Other factors may focus on the parents, like which parent is more likely to take care of the daily physical, emotional, developmental, educational, and special needs of your child. The court also will consider which of the parties is more likely to maintain a loving, stable, consistent, and nurturing relationship with your child. A judge is also allowed to consider whether either parent has a history of drug or alcohol abuse, any past or present physical abuse, and certain criminal charges and convictions.

Get Professional Legal Help With Your Custody Case

Child custody matters can be legally and emotionally difficult. You may find it helpful to talk to an attorney, who can apply your unique situation to the laws of Louisiana -- after all, the other party likely will have legal counsel as well.

Get started by speaking with a Louisiana child custody attorney today.

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