State child custody laws are fairly similar from one state to the next, and most states have adopted the Uniform Child Custody Act (including North Carolina). North Carolina child custody laws recognize the option of joint custody; allow for visitation by grandparents; and consider the child's own wishes before ordering custody terms.
Learn more about North Carolina's child custody laws in the chart and summary below. See FindLaw's extensive Child Custody section for additional articles and resources.
||50-11.2 et seq.
|Year Uniform Child Custody Act Adopted
|Joint Custody an Option?
|Grandparent Visitation Rights Recognized?
|Child's Own Wishes Considered?
Types of Child Custody
There are two basic types of child custody, and they come in two different forms.
A parent has legal custody when he or she is allowed to make important decisions in a child's life. Those decisions generally include education, religious instruction, and medical decisions.
Physical custody is the term used to describe when a child lives with a parent. Although it was once common, joint physical custody is less popular than before. Now, it is more common for one parent to have physical custody, and the other parent to have visitation rights. This prevents the child's school schedule and life from being disrupted unnecessarily.
Joint and Sole Custody
When parents share a form of custody, they are said to have joint custody. When only one parent has a form of custody, it's called sole custody. One common arrangement is joint legal custody, and one parent to have sole physical custody, while the other has visitation rights.
How Custody is Determined
North Carolina family courts decide child custody issues based on what it believes to be in the best interest of the child. This is called the best interest of the child standard. Some of the factors courts will use when deciding custody issues are:
- History of domestic violence
- The child's overall safety
- The child's current living arrangement
- The child's relationship with each parent
- Each parent's ability to care for the child
- Whether each parent can create a stable home for the child.
Grandparent Visitation Rights in North Carolina
North Carolina allows for grandparent visitation rights. Sometimes these are called third-party visitation rights, or non-parent visitation rights. Gaining non-parent visitation rights is the same process as gaining custody or visitation rights to a parent. The person asking for visitation rights will present their case to the court, and will have to show that allowing them to spend time with the child will be in the child's best interest. This is often the case for siblings, when adoption or child custody issues have split them up.
Have Questions About North Carolina Child Custody Laws? Ask an Attorney
Child custody cases are among the most emotionally difficult to navigate, which is why it's so important to a have the steady guidance of a skilled family law attorney. If you have questions or concerns about your North Carolina custody case, it's a good idea to contact a local child custody lawyer to have your questions answered and have some guidance through the child custody process.