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Ohio Adoption Laws

Deciding to adopt a child is a big decision -- one that can involve an intimidating amount of legal processes and paperwork. Adoption laws historically have varied from state to state, but they are becoming more and more uniform throughout America. Because there has been a shift in social values that emphasizes the recognition of children's rights, many states are requiring the child's consent in order to finalize an adoption.

This article discusses Ohio adoption laws.

Ohio Adoption Laws

The following table lists the basic provisions of Ohio's adoption laws.

Code Section

§ 3107.01, et seq., of the Ohio Revised Code

Who May Be Adopted

Any child; certain adults only.

Age that Child's Consent Needed

12 years and older

Who May Adopt

Unmarried adult; unmarried minor parent of the adoptee; husband and wife (at least one of whom is adult) together, unless legally separated or under certain other circumstances.

Home Residency Required Prior to Finalization of Adoption?

6 months

State Agency/Court

Dept. of Jobs and Family Services/Probate

Statute of Limitations to Challenge

6 months

Note: State laws are always subject to change through the passage of new legislation, rulings in the higher courts (including federal decisions), ballot initiatives, and other means. While we strive to provide the most current information available, please consult an attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

Research the Law

Ohio Adoption Laws: Related Resources

Get Legal Help With an Adoption

Adoption can be a complicated process. There are many state and federal laws that govern adoption. An attorney will help you navigate these laws. They will help review your case, provide helpful legal advice, and advocate for you and your future child.

If you would like legal assistance with an adoption case, you can find an experienced Ohio adoption attorney in your area to schedule a consultation.

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